The resulting ability to observe nature gives us the ability to appreciate the beauty of nature, however transitory it--and we--may be. It is a verb made out of a noun. Keats and Shelley use allegory imagery of the bird to express an aesthetic expression, and their understanding of human nature. This stanza offers us a somewhat unsettling revelation. An implication of this reading is that the bird is integrated into nature or is part of natural processes whereas we are separated from nature. In fact, no one can escape into the ideal world forever.
Keats opens the poem with a description of a dreamy, Romantic state: he feels as though he must have drunk hemlock an ancient poison used to kill, among others, Socrates or have taken opium. The poet says that it is rich to die in his present state of heightened ecstasy. The bird has ceased to be a symbol and is again the actual bird the poet heard in stanza I. Keats felt a tranquil and continual joy in her song; and one morning he took his chair from the breakfast table to the grass-plot under a plum-tree, where he sat for two or three hours. The speaker wishes he had a special wine distilled directly from the earth. In the beginning the bird is presented as a real bird, but as the poem progresses, the bird becomes a symbol.
What is the relationship of the bird to the world the poet describes? Keats' narration goes on to express Keats' frequent wish to live in a realm of Platonic perfection -- this time, of Poesy poetry. He then lists the trees and mentions the violets in praise of the end of the season, spring. It also suggests the cooling effect on the wine made out of grapes grown in the warm south as a result of storing it underground. Keats expresses with a maximum of intensity the desire to escape from reality, and yet he recognizes that no escape is possible. Has the dreamer in this poem changed as a result of his visionary experience? The song of the nightingale is described in visual imagery.
Don't worry if this stanza seems a little bit tougher than the ones before it. Why does he do so? Is his experience a false vision, or is it a true, if transitory experience of and insight into the nature of reality? The Ancient Greeks believed that a soul drank from Lethe before reincarnation to eradicate the memory of their previous life. It may symbolise the pure or unmixed joy. Wine is also mentioned in the second stanza, this is used as a link as well as for continuity. He makes imaginative flights into the ideal world, but accepts the realities of life despite its 'fever, fret and fury'. Charles Brown, a friend with whom Keats was living when he composed this poem, wrote, In the spring of 1819 a nightingale had built her nest near my house. What is the effect of this? By alluding to these mythical figures, Keats emphasizes the difference between the gloomy physical world 'But here there is no light' and the dreamlike, spiritual world of the nightingale.
The speaker in this case is not afraid but very much accepting towards the idea. Stanzas One and Two So, let's dive into our analysis. Does the wine resemble the nightingale in being associated with summer, song, and happpiness? The description of drinking and of the world associated with wine is idealized. Once again, the speaker struggles with the dissonance between his idealism and the realities of the world. He says that it seems rich to die at that very moment when he is at the heights of ecstasy, experiencing a rich and sensuous excitement.
Do any of the sounds duplicate the bubbles breaking? This bird is used metaphorically to show his extreme scare of mortality. If you would like , follow the link. As the bird flies to the next valley and as its song fades, the illusion of oneness with the bird dissolves. How does Keats reconcile a state of conscious pain with that of inertness and insensibility? Fled is that music:--Do I wake or sleep? In the second stanza Keats considers the possibilities of transcendence through drink and inspiration. Diction: Stanza V is remarkable for Keats' poetic diction.
We'll take a look at the poem stanza by stanza, summarizing each stanza's content and looking for any themes, ideas or emotions that hold a poem together, that emerge. Structural Analysis The poem is divided into eight stanzas with ten lines in each stanza. It is clear that Keats did not anticipate writing such a lengthy poem when he took just two sheets of paper into the garden, — and he did not dare interrupt his writing to fetch more later. It is because the nightingale has never experienced these things that he can sing so beautifully. The realistic depth and lyrical beauty that resonates in Ode to a Nightingale is astounding. The irony is that, while the speaker entertains the notion of escape through poesy, the poem itself does not turn its gaze from the world.
He could not suppress it. As you can see, this stanza gives us a better sense of what the speaker of the poem wants to leave behind by following the nightingale's song. The poet uses harsh Anglo-Saxon words along with consonance and assonance to mimic the starts and fits associated with the onset of depression. John Keats is no exception to this. O for a beaker full of the warm South! He thinks it wouldn't be so bad to die at night in the forest, with no one around except the nightingale singing. The wine would put him in a state in which he would no longer be himself, aware that life is full of pain, that the young die, the old suffer, and that just to think about life brings sorrow and despair. Next, the sixth stanza, which deals more directly with the thematic meat of the poem: Darkling I listen; and, for many a time I have been half in love with easeful Death, Call'd him soft names in many a mused rhyme, To take into the air my quiet breath; Now more than ever seems it rich to die, To cease upon the midnight with no pain, While thou art pouring forth thy soul abroad In such an ecstasy! The song that Ruth had heard reminded her of her separation from her home and the song that had thrilled Keats reminds him of his separation from the bird.
The bird occupies the blurred line between life and death, sleep and wakefulness. Much like the second stanza, the fifth stanza exists mostly to stimulate the reader's senses especially the sense of smell. Shelley knows and accepts the fact of mortality, he conveys it as nature and something beautiful. One is Keats' evaluation of life; life is a vale of tears and frustration. In Greek Mythology, Dryads are the female spirits of nature nymphs who preside over forests and groves. Keats writes this ode in the first person, which makes this ode almost confessional.