Another strength is that it is less determinist and reductions. There are three main aspects within this approach which relates to the study of psychology, they are comparative method, physiology and investigation of inheritance. D1 evaluate two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. Like Freud, some aspects of Erikson's theory are considered outdated by contemporary researchers, but his eight-stage theory of development remains popular and influential. This can be demonstrated with activities and methods such as counselling and therapy. This is a weakness because it suggests that behaviour is pre-determined and people do not have free will. Many psychological approaches have been used in social care practices.
This is known as positive and negative reinforcement. Behavioral assessment can be useful in clinical, educational and corporate settings. His initiative was soon followed by other European and American Universities. It is different from non-experimental methods as it involves the purposeful manipulation of one variable, at the same time as trying to keep the other variables constant. When children are attracted to the opposite sex parent for example boys will have murderous feelings towards their father and sexual feelings towards their mother. How changes in the structure and function to hormones and the nervous system can affect behaviour, plus looking at the way the brain functions.
Too much or too little can have bad consequences later. For operant conditioning a child at the doctors who need an injection, I the child lets the nurse or doctor give the injection they are normally rewarded with a sticker and even balloons. Page 15 P1 — Explain the principal psychological perspectives For this assignment I will be explaining the main psychological perspectives, these are views that involve certain assumptions about the human behaviour and the way humans function. Let's say during a classroom observation it is noted that Sara has trouble following directions during spelling lessons, squints and rubs her eyes, speaks out of turn and gets up from her desk without permission. Maslow believes that everyone is trying to become the best version of themselves which is known as self-actualisation.
This allows explanations to be tested by carrying out studies and collecting data. Classical conditioning explains how we learn behaviours through association and operant conditioning explains how the consequences of behaviours reinforces shape behaviour. Watson 1924 believed individual differences and experiences mould our behaviour as emphasised below. Many studies used animals which are hard to generalize to humans, and it cannot explain, for example, the speed in which we pick up language. This is a well known approach to counselling and psychotherapy that places quite a large amount of responsibility for the processes of the treatment upon the client, and the therapist would take a non directive position. Though looking into natural reflexes and neutral stimuli he managed to condition dogs to salivate to the sound of a bell through repeated associated with the sound of the bell and food.
Meets the grading criteria: M1 -assess different psychological approaches to study. The dogs started to associate the noise with food, so every time they heard the noise that produced saliva. In this criterion, the different psychological approaches to health practice and social care practice will be outlined and explained. Behaviourists do not measure understanding because they do not feel that mental capacity can be measured. This view of psychology and human behavior emphasizes the role of the unconscious mind, early childhood experiences, and interpersonal relationships to explain human behaviour and to treat people suffering from mental illnesses. Its goal is not only to alleviate the most obvious symptoms but to help people lead healthier lives.
They should do continuous workplace development. Due to this the individuals who are involved within the experiment are not in a real life situation and this can encourage synthetic behaviours. He says that scientists are unable to think in a different way. The Behavioural Approach Some health care practitioners and psychologists work closely with people whose problems are the result of maladaptive behaviours. For the role model theory in a hospital a junior is observing the consultant while he speaks to patients and watch how they carry out certain procedures so they can do the same.
Through observation, specific details about the behavior can be gathered. Pavlov 1927 , founder of classical conditioning used dogs in his experiments. He conducted an experiment on children of similar intelligence; the main idea was to identify the constructivism stages of cognition. Cognitive psychology examines component processes such as memory, perception, and cognition. His main field of study was intelligence.
The humanistic approach has been successful in treating health and social care issues such and addiction and phobias. Different settings have different ways of helping people. When Pavlov first started his experiment, the dog never use to react which also proves the theory that we learn from our environment. In this criterion, the different psychological approaches to health practice and social care practice will be outlined and explained. Biological theory The biological approach believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology.
In this section of my assignment I will be explaining different psychological approaches to social care practice. According to Freud, the is the largely unconscious part of the personality that mediates the demands of the id, the superego, and reality. If you fail to overcome these areas you could develop anxiety and depression. The key terms within his experiment were stimulus and response. The association with alcohol consumption could be documented easily e. M1 — Assess different psychological approaches to study. In contrast, classical conditioning involves a neutral stimulus evoking conditioned responses reflexes.
Humanism has offered new ideals for approaching the understanding of human nature and condition, and expanded the horizon of methods used to study human behaviour. The Behavioral Perspective Behavioral psychology is a perspective that focuses on learned behaviors. The social learning theory can be questioned when it comes to behaviour. In Sara's case, through the processes of observing, describing and explaining, we can identify the trigger associated with her behavior: spelling lessons at school! Psychodynamic perspective The main contributors of the psychodynamic perspective were Sigmund Freud who developed the theory of psychodynamic psychology and the treatment which was known as psychoanalysis. The social learning theory is aware of the fact that behaviour can become fixed.