As demand rises, the industry is concerned about being able to source enough cocoa in the future, for a variety of reasons. On the more extreme end of the spectrum, where children work long hours for little pay, this can be seen as being prohibitive to a child ever moving into more skilled employment as an adult, as they will never have the opportunity to gain skills in other areas. Meet Kofi, a twelve-year-old boy who works at a gold mine in the Central Region. India has the highest number of children stunted because of malnutrition 48. To keep an economy prospering, a vital criterion is to have an educated workforce equipped with relevant skills for the needs of the industries. In urban areas there is a high employment of children in the zari and embroidery industry. After its independence from colonial rule, India has passed a number of constitutional protections and laws on child labour.
Children in hazardous working conditions are even in worse condition. A survey in Tamil Nadu in 1995 found 125,000 bonded child labourers in the state alone. The industry has not scaled up, organised, and big operators absent. The debates surrounding child labour are complex, which is why they require careful attention. There is a general lack of opportunities for professional development for such minors.
Moreover, as is to be expected, mobility is lower among minors who work for their families. In Ghana the attendance rate is up to 96%. The industry is fragmented into small units, each employing a few workers. Girl children are often used in domestic labour within their own homes. There is a lack of political will to actually see to the complete ban of child labour. Nestlé calls the suit against it meritless. The law also placed rules on who, when and how long can pre-adults aged 15—18 years be employed in any factory.
Children who could not have a normal education then grow into illiterate, low wage- earning adults, unable to advance in their personal or social life. These systems included bonded child labour. Mondelez has a long history in Ghana—at least indirectly. Many kids in this region speak only Karen. More than silver, gold or oil, the children of this nation are its most valuable asset. From the recent survey, it is found that around 4 million children are working as labor in Pakistan and unfortunately the rate is increasing day by day.
Moreover, it is the right of every child to enjoy their life with fullest without doing any hard work. In 2001, an estimated 1% of all child workers, or about 120,000 children in India were in a hazardous job. They do not get the opportunity to develop physically, intellectually, emotionally and psychologically. It also includes hazardous work such as going to sea and mining and children working in places of entertainment such as bars and hotels where they may be exposed to immoral behaviour. The marked heterogeneity of child labour also undermines that effective action to combat it cannot be based solely on suppression, although this is indispensable. The price of cocoa surged 13% in 2015 even as prices for most raw materials were dropping.
What is required is that the government must take a step to solve this issue. Though it is a desirable goal the fact remains that in the given socio-economic scenario that is prevalent in our country, it is virtually impossible to do away with child labour. Rural areas employ 85 percent of the child labour in India. Government helpless And the government body in charge of children's rights admits they are helpless. Schools and also teachers are unavailable. They find that smallholder plots of land are labour-intensively farmed since small plots cannot productively afford expensive farming equipment.
Uttar Pradesh, a state in northern India, has 19,27,997 child labourers. Two child protection officers hold her on either side as she walks into the police station. In the case of the children who have been working longest two years or more , there is found to be marked mobility among sectors of activity. A report by the Special Rapporteur to India's National Human Rights Commission, reported the discovery of 53 child labourers in 1996 in the state of Tamil Nadu during a surprise inspection. When the subject turns to child labor, the conversation becomes more spirited. A child labourer has no basic rights to education, development, and freedom.
The men are local farmers who have gathered to help Koné break pods in return for a meal, as is the local custom. Pesticides create in these children an increased risk of developing cancer in later years as well as developing Asthma. The reason many companies choose to employ children is because they slip so easily under the radar. Consequently, numerous minors view work as a means to satisfy their needs through obtaining money. The estimates that agriculture, at 60 percent, is the largest employer of child labour in the world, while the United Nation's estimates 70% of child labour is deployed in agriculture and related activities.