The old parents exploit the emotional appeal of bloodbonds. International Journal of Sociology of the Family. More than four decades have passed, but the position status of women remains in a stagnant position. It includes property, valuable security like cash and jewelry exchanging hand during the marriage. The growing tendency among young people to decide for them selves and the relative instability of the marriage which often ends in divorce, force parents not to make substantial expenditure on the marriage of their children. Dowry system in India In India, dowry Hindi: The dowry system is a social evil. The Dowry Problem: A Legal and Social Perspective, Ch.
It has become customary to give dowry. Sometimes, due to their abetment to commit suicide, the bride may end up setting herself on fire. We would like to extend mysincere thanks to her. Now the amount is influenced by the educational qualifications or economic standing of the bridegroom and is decided before giving consent to the alliance. Stop encouraging the practice of giving as well as taking dowry.
In south India, dowry is called stridhanam. It becomes the cause of her torture by in-laws and, sometimes, even by her husband. The government needs to ensure a zero-tolerance policy for such offenders and ensure enforcement of the law through systemic changes. Young men of marriageable age do not become marketable commodities sold by their parents to the parents of brides in return for dowry. To further strengthen the anti-dowry law and to stop offences of cruelty by the husband or his relatives against the wife, new provisions were added to the Indian criminal law — section 498A to and section 198A to the in 1983.
Consequences of the of Dowry SystemThe consequences or demerits of dowry system include: female infanticide, latemarriages for some girls, unsuitable matches for girls, lowering of womens status,breakdown of marriage, unhappy married life, tension between two families,increase in immorality, increase in mental diseases, suicide and impoverishment ofmiddle class families by paying heavy dowries and a large number of dowrydeaths. One who is a bride-giver remains socially inferior to the bride-taker throughout his life, and, in fact, for several generations to come. It was a voluntary practice without any coercive overtones. Meera belonged to a poor family and stayed with hersingle widow mother and her small brother chotu. Social Awareness — creating a widespread awareness against the evils of the dowry system is key first step towards eradicating the practice. She had put two conditionsthat she would do job after her marriage and no Dowry would be given. The fierce battles between daughters-in-law and parents-in-law are also largely dueto the fact that women in most communities are conditioned to believe that theirrights lie in their husbands families.
The dowry today While the dowry system still exists in India today, its function has changed somewhat, becoming an unspoken mandate and being viewed these days as something of a bargaining chip when arranging marriages. Inferiority of women has been impressed upon the minds of the nation time and again by the demands of dowry. Islamists classify jahez into two categories: The first comprises some essential articles for the outfit of the bride as well as for conjugal life. Unfortunately, the evil of dowry system in India remains. Dowry was not infrequent when the girl suffered from some bodily defect. Girls should refuse to marry boys who ask for dowry. Beri and Gooroodass Banerjee 1988.
Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. This practice was also prevalent among certain lower castes, but they are now slowly converting bride price for dowry. Acts as a provident fund: Supporters of this practice put arguments that dowry acts as a provident fund for the girls to face many financial hazards in future as boys of other cast and religion easily allured by dowry and give their consent for inter-cast, inter- religion and inter-state marriage. Similarly, Indian society has been undergoing a change, especially after independence, and new values and standards of behaviour are developing. Dowry system refers to the customal or cultural practice that involves giving away of a large sum of cash, property and other valuables at the time of marriage by the parents of the bride to the family of the groom. This has been discussed earlier. The lower castes had, on the contrary, a system of bride-price.
What is deplorable is not the practice of dowry system in India itself but the fact that it is compulsive. This is normal expenditure which is done willingly and varies from one family to another depending on the wealth, status, etc. The problem of dowry has become a serious social evil among the upper castes and middle classes both in towns and villages. Despite a lot being said and done against the custom, it is still prevalent in the 21st century, in both subtle and obvious ways. It is also considered a status symbol, especially in the high class, and generally theitems of dowry are flaunted and hyped by both parties. The rules of marriage, namely, caste endogamy and clan exogamy, and anuloma hypergamy and pratiloma hypogamy , have been misinterpreted and misused for maintaining the dowry system.
In course of time the practice filtered down from the rich Rajputs and other twice-born castes to other sections. The rich and rajas kings used to giftland as dowry. However, it was upheld in Sushil Kumar Sharma v. Physical and behavioral restrictions are imposed on girls that are completely natural for boys. However, with increasing breakdown ofjoint families and reluctance of many women to stay with in-laws, the insecurity ofparents in many families takes the form of trying to extract what they can from thebrides family at the time of their sons marriage. Child marriages are still practiced because age is counted as an index of purity. The demand of dowry is according to thequalification of the boy.