He also invented a horse-drawn hoe to dig up weeds between the rows and break up soil before planting. Employment opportunities Another major occupation in Indian villages other than agriculture in India is the cottage industry. In the eight plans 1992-97 the economy was liberalized eighth plan below that the desired growth of different sectors could be achieved primarily through modification in industrial trade and fiscal policies. More than 30 million people work in these industries. The town is linked with Guwahati by P. The nerve-centre of India is in the villages and she will require cottage industries.
However you must not think this industrialization had no effects on society because it did. These products are mainly produced for markets outside of the villages, in large cities and for international market. The revised fifth plan provided a total outlay of Rs. The jobs were boring, conditions were bad, and the pay was very low. Cottage Industry not only maintains a distinct identity of its own but also provides it with a unique platform to display its specialty when there is a tough competition faced in the international markets. Technical Assistance : The development of cottage and small-scale industries had been hampered by their low level of technology. India has 2 nd highest population as well as fastest growing economy among all countries.
But this policy failed to redress the serious problems of large number of sick units in the small sector. . Some of these industries are run on a co-operative basis. There is a strong case for industrialization of countries like India which has vast manpower, large and varied resources and continental dimensions. So the herbal medicines and other indigenous food items have a lesser number of buyers now. Moreover, the Union Budget 2007-08 has also proposed to raise the general exemption limit of Small Scale Industrial units from Rs.
Government of India has introduced project Bharat Nirman in collaboration with panchayat raj and state government. There are many schemes and loans provided by the government for the development of the cottage industries. The State Bank of India also launched a pilot scheme for enlarging and coordinating credit facilities available to small-scale industries at selected centres. Seed Drill - Tull invented a seed drill to help plant seeds in straight rows. The Industrial Revolution was a turning point in human social history.
Britain enjoyed spread effects at the cost of India. Arranging a suitable legislation to ensure prompt payment of small industries bills. Large industries produce things quickly and cheaply so that the competition of cottage industries and large industries is just like the competition between a man who walks on foot and one who goes by a train. Accordingly the commission has been constituted. Bal Gangadhar Tilak commented that building up or railways and other allied infrastructural facilities like roads, telegraphs, etc. Exports of coir fibre and products stood at Rs. The industry produces consumable products through the use of conventional methods.
But from the advent of the East India Company, there was a drastic change in the running of these cottage industries. Thirdly, delay in the development of transport facilities in the interior of the country greatly protected the village industry from the competition of machine-made goods. The Khadi and Village Industries Commission set up a technological institute for village industries and also established central and regional institutions for the training of workers. The share of industrial sector was Rs. It will give them employment and save their society from decay. Today , allopathy has already superceded Ayurveda. Children and women labour was used.
Moreover villages born live and die in debt only. History The real India resides in Rural India. These people were mainly British and French, but after a few years the French were distracted by their revolution, and the British continued to industrialize. All these brought in prosperity of the rural people, of course at the expense of the poor cultivators. As an example, handloom industry, which was basically an employment-oriented industry before the railway age, wilted under pressure. Drainage system is improper as a result the stagnant water causes water born diseases. The marketable finished goods of such items are annually about 300 tonnes.
India is having thousands of villages which are present between Srinagar to Kanyakumari and Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh. Three new plants were set up in the public sector and the capacity of the two existing steel works in the private sector was doubled. Cottage Industries The economy of a nation depends on the industries present in that country. The longer it took one person to manufacture a product, the higher the price. Possibilities of Cottage Industries Although due to competition from large-scale manufacturing industries and certain organizational defects, the cottage industries has received a blow, its possibilities remain very promising.
As a consequence of which, the cottage industries were neglected again but later they became an integral part of India's five-year plans. It provided employment to million weavers and the value of its exports stood at Rs. It stimulated European rather than Indian industry. But, in terms of employment, this growth was extremely limited. The railway system in India became the forerunner of limited industrial development. That is why cottage industries are being pushed out of existence, and this, say the industrialists, is just in the fitness of things.
The following are some of these measures: 1. Vera Anstey, the distinguished British authority on economic development of India, argued that the construction of railways in India undoubtedly extended and revolutionised trade—both internal and external. The poor artisan remains in the background. It was, however, realised that small- scale production suffers from technological deficiencies and, therefore, has only a limited competitive strength. Among the cottage industries, the most impressive advance was made by the Handloom industry whose production increased from 742 million yards in 1950-51 to 3060 million yards in 1965.