Sensing that the servants are aware of her infidelity, a guilt-ridden Madame lashes out, screaming at her staff for imagined offenses and docking their pay at the least excuse. Although he made a difference…. There is a constant atmosphere of sexual tension between the native African population and their white colonial rulers. I am the son of Toundi and of Zama. Henceforth, Toundi is made increasingly aware of the hypocritical actions of the French colonialists. Nonetheless, Toundi diligently fulfills his duties and regards his new employer with awe, until one day he sees him in the shower and notices that, unlike African men, he is uncircumcised. Oyono uses two major themes to develop his story: Christianity and sexuality act as the most important agents of European colonial society in his short but powerful novel.
He moved into politics, becoming a diplomat and a cabinet minister for President Biya before dying a couple of years ago. This historical context is the foundation on which the plot is created. Toundi serves as houseboy for the Commandant. Attempting to simulate or aggravate natural ills or wounds. Everyone has their position in life. Toundi notes how annoying the natives are, especially the native women, with their fake mourning. However, after realising the hypocrisy of the White Frenchmen, Toundi start quarrelling with the White men.
Madame becomes very disrespectful towards Toundi, partly because she does not like being there any more, but mostly because she knows that he knew about her affair. This insistence upon the moral dictates of Catholicism manifests itself in Houseboy, when the Commandant questions Toundi about while interviewing him for his position. Here you are: , Nozipo Maraire Zimbabwe and , Chingiz Aitmatov Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, respectively , Kukrit Pramoj Thailand , Adaobi Nwaubani Nigeria , Amin Maalouf Lebanon , Dalene Matthee South Africa , Xinran China i read this book as part of my English literature in school, and i must say that even though the idea of colonialism is not a new concept, it is quite well written. An official funeral was held for Oyono with a series of events beginning on 24 June 2010 and concluding with his burial at Ngoazip, near Ebolowa, on 26 June. Eventually, the solitary Commandant hires him as his Houseboy.
A shudder ran through me at the touch of her hand. When Toundi sees the Commandant in the shower and realizes his master has not been circumcised— an important element in becoming a man in his Cameroonian tradition— he feels a pang of embarrassment. Footnote Executive Summary This report provides an analysis and evaluation of the current and prospective profitability, liquidity and financial stability of Outdoor Equipment Ltd. He is dedicated to 2524 Words 11 Pages Define Colonialism Western Colonialism: A political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. The story of a Cameroonian boy during the height of colonization who thought life would be better with the colonizers than under his father's strict rules.
The rest of An interesting novella which captures life under French colonial rule in Cameroon. In the early 1900s, segregation was strongly recognized in the United States, until Martin Luther King Jr. At first, she hides her relationship. Executive Summary The purpose of this report is for AcuScan Inc. The Commandant treats Toundi more as a servant than Father Gilbert, but Toundi does not allow this treatment to affect the quality of his work.
It is often times also painful, moving. Later when Sophie, a black woman, lover and the cook of M. Arrested on trumped-up charges and thrown into a police camp, he fights back first by refusing to cry out during his interrogation, then by planning his ill-fated escape to Spanish Guinea. She begins to have an affair with M. Ferdinand Léopold Oyono, born September 14, 1929, Ngoulemakong, Cameroon—died June 10, 2010, Yaoundé , African statesman, actor, and comic writer whose two best-known works— Une Vie de boy 1956; Houseboy and Le Vieux Nègre et la médaille 1956; The Old Man and the Medal , written while he was studying law and administration in Paris—reflect the growing of anticolonialism of the 1950s. In that way, am sure that a lot of people can relate to it. Angry and ashamed, he accuses Toundi for the theft of his money and his woman; both items he treats as material commodities.
He cannot live to see tomorrow because his condition is bad. Instead Toundi is abused treated like nothing more than a savage. Toundi learns even more about racism and sexual politics when he accompanies the Commandant on tour. No one really cared about him, and on the day he was to become someone — a man, he ran away. Theoretically, in the event of a complaint against France, Cameroonians could appeal to U.
The suffering man talks to his countrymen about how white men have mistreated him, and then he dies. Ironically, at the same time the colonial authorities were attempting to divide and rule, their educational system allowed new bonds to form across ethnic and national lines. Riddled with satire, Houseboy exposes the hypocrisies and injustices of the French colonial system from the perspective of a disenchanted Cameroonian. The story is in the format of a diary , told from the perspective of Toundi, a young Cameroon who runs away from his abusive father in a tribal setting opting to grow up in the church around whites, abandoning his family and culture in hopes of making something else of his life. Thus, in many instances, the mission schools produced Africans with literacy and manual skills, but with only a thin veneer of Christianity. The rest of the book is the diary. Many of these workers viewed Toundi differently because of how he treated the colonists, but this concern made a tremendous difference on the outcome of the book.
Houseboy, the story of an African man who from a young age served white colonizers in his native Cameroun, depicts the plight of Africans who suffered brutality and subjugation under the boot of colonial authority. By the end, Toundi himself, disenchanted by the immorality of his so-called superiors, shows irreverence. Filed Under: Tagged With: , , , , ,. Moreau, the man in charge of the prison. They read an executive summary to obtain information without having to read the report in full. Moreau would be obvious to most.