Short quotations To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks. Founded in 2008 by , Writing Commons is a viable alternative to expensive writing textbooks. Parenthetical citation when author is mentioned in the text: Example: According to Belafonte, Harlem was full of artists and musicians in the late 1920s 2008. In some regions, this exotic addition to the basic brew was banned by law. Do not put quotation marks around a block quotation. This way, you only need to use the most relevant part of a quote.
Paraphrase: A paraphrase is an important part of writing a paper. If you're citing poetry, then you'll have to cite the lines of poetry instead of page numbers. Inserting Footnotes Use a feature of software, such as Microsoft Office Word 2007 instead of inserting footnotes manually. If the piece is long, the writer will often divide it into a number of smaller sections, each with its own heading. If you use too many quotations, your paper will be a patchwork of the ideas of others, in their words.
Double space in between entries. Resist the temptation to look back at the article or essay as you write your summary. A weekly, biweekly, or monthly magazine Miller, Tyler. The question is: Just how high can a building go? Block quotes are like dessert; they should be used carefully. Integrate literary quotes into your own sentences. If a passage has too many errors, either try to find a more authoritative reference or paraphrase the source.
After each sentence in which you identify a key idea, add in your own words any necessary explanation or clarification of that point. Reread the paragraphs we borrowed from Ackerman and Fulford, above. List first and last names of the author s or editor s , the title of the book chapter within quotation marks, the title of the book in italics, the edition number, the publisher, place of publication, date of publication, and the page in the book from which the material was drawn. And remember: if you use a quote but don't give credit to the original author, that is considered plagiarism. Make note of errors in the original but don't change them.
Place a period after the page number. Do not enclose the text in quotation marks. You want the essay to be professional. What punctuation should be used when words are inserted or altered in a direct quotation? However, if the start or stop of your quote interrupts a thought, the ellipsis may be necessary for clarification. Mark it so your readers know the mistake wasn't yours. Before we begin, keep the following terms in mind: Plagiarism: This is what you want to avoid. Between 1850 and 1900, the entire population of passenger pigeons was wiped out.
Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. Start block quotes on a new line. Start the quote on a new line, indented 0. This refers to 4 lines of your paper, not lines in the original source. Be careful not to confuse a colon : with a semicolon ;.
Monash University Accessible version Skip to content Change your text size Direct quotation is thus found more commonly in humanities and social science writing, and not Edit quotes Ergo One way to do this is to read the quote and then write what you think it means, without looking back at it. Another reason for changing words in a quoted passage is to keep the verb tenses consistent throughout your paragraph. However, if you want to emphasize certain words or phrases in the quotation, you can italicize them. Paraphrase important information that does not need direct quotation. Faculty may assign Writing Commons for their , , , and courses.
Notice that both authors omitted material to make the quoted passages shorter and easier to read, and that they have signalled these omissions to the reader by the use of ellipses. The addition of hops was not greeted with universal enthusiasm: many beer lovers believed the bitter flavour spoiled the purity of their beer. A journal whose pages start anew with each issue Barthe, Frederick, and Joseph Murphy. A summary should be written entirely in your own words. What this means is that anytime you cite a source, whether it be a direct quote or a paraphrase you must then insert an in line citation into the text of the paper. You shorten condense the most important idea or ideas in the source material and express them in your own words. In citing the Bible, identify the version in your first mention, followed by book, chapter and verse.
For whatever reason, this is the way we do it in America. If you have a quote that meets this length requirement, then all you have to do is 1 enclose the quote with double quotation marks, 2 provide the author's last name, and 3 provide the page number. But the rewards are worth your time and effort. The first sentence is neither a paraphrase or a quote. Web site - Information directly from a home page The Hemlock Society.