He used abductive reasoning in creating the nonviolent campaign and planned the direct-action program around Easter time. King had to use his platform to set the record straight. Luther effectively uses logos to elicit a number of viewpoints on readers of the letter. He also persuaded the audiences to get involved with the African-American civil rights movement. King uses plenty of examples to make sure the reader understands his point. The letter reveals King's strength as a rhetorician and his breadth of learning.
The means by which he addresses the clergymen confirms this deliberate purpose. King establishes the grounds for deeming a law unjust, focusing specifically on whether or not the law—a man-made concept—corresponds to moral or natural laws, which are established by God. While his critics have expressed concern about his behavior, King turns the tables on them and focuses on the systemic racism that white authorities have ignored for far too long. Far from being disturbed by the presence of the church, the power structure of the average community is consoled by the church's silent--and often even vocal--sanction of things as they are. I am in the rather unique position of being the son, the grandson and the great grandson of preachers. I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that the present tension in the South is a necessary phase of the transition from an obnoxious negative peace, in which the Negro passively accepted his unjust plight, to a substantive and positive peace, in which all men will respect the dignity and worth of human personality.
In the course of Dr. He also rhetorically wonders whether he does not actually take pleasure in being thought of, in this context, as an extremist. We will reach the goal of freedom in Birmingham and all over the nation, because the goal of America is freedom. Never before have I written so long a letter. Often times, they utilize the three classical appeals in order to persuade the audience of said ideas.
Believing that history will ultimately show this latter group to be the real heroes of the age, he hopes the clergymen will eventually realize what is actually happening. King then offers his own criticisms, condemning the white moderate for his passive acceptance of racial inequality, calling him more dangerous than the Ku Klux Klan. As in so many past experiences, our hopes had been blasted, and the shadow of deep disappointment settled upon us. This convinced the African American community that they needed to take direct action through civil disobedience. At the beginning of this letter, King gives us the reason why he was in Birmingham. He tries to demonstrate what colored-people experience from their childhood to grown adults. Isn't negotiation a better path? But since he feels that the clergymen are men of good will and that their criticisms were sincere, he wanted to take the time to respond.
At the time, the Civil Rights movement is in full swing and both blacks and whites are standing up for a change and demanding an end to racial segregation. King writing and thinking of a much greater audience than the clergymen to whom the letter is addressed. Perhaps his most powerful point in this section of the 'Letter' is that no law can be considered democratically structured when a minority has no part in enacting or creating the law due to discriminatory voting rights and practices. However, these articles have approached a discrimination of cultures in common. But again I am thankful to God that some noble souls from the ranks of organized religion have broken loose from the paralyzing chains of conformity and joined us as active partners in the struggle for freedom. He then explains in detail his process of organizing nonviolent action.
Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatment in the courts. I had hoped that the white moderate would see this need. Isn't this like condemning Jesus because his unique God consciousness and never ceasing devotion to God's will precipitated the evil act of crucifixion? For example: I have no fear about the outcome of our struggle in Birmingham, even if our motives are at present misunderstood. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. One can conclude that Martin is trying his best to make his tone sound as pleasing as possible. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. He wrote it in April of 1963 when segregation was at its peak in the South.
Where were they when Governor Wallace gave a clarion call for defiance and hatred? He explains his position as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a direct affiliate to the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights to validate his. Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever. Some -such as Ralph McGill, Lillian Smith, Harry Golden, James McBride Dabbs, Ann Braden and Sarah Patton Boyle--have written about our struggle in eloquent and prophetic terms. He says that though the elderly woman is uneducated, she knows her cause of suffering is because of the inequity and discrimination in society. Claims Major Thesis- It was hard for me to find a clear-cut thesis.
We will reach the goal of freedom in Birmingham and all over the nation, because the goal of America is freedom. To a degree, academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disobedience. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for law. You deplore the demonstrations taking place in Birmingham.
The more appropriate term for the ending of a letter, 'valediction,' might also be used to describe these lines, especially because they all come after the words 'I must close now. It could have been their mothers, daughters, and grandfathers. According to his letter, Martin Luther King was from Atlanta; a man with the purpose to end segregation in Birmingham. First, I must confess that over the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate. He also acknowledges the sincerity and status of the clergymen who wrote the letter he's responding to, respecting their credibility as men of good will who are all knowledgeable about Bible teachings.
Abused and scorned though we may be, our destiny is tied up. It explains in detail why non-violent disobedience is the ideal way to proceed. I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother. In the following paragraph, Luther ascertains his sincerity when he counters the view put forward by the white clergymen. One of his reasons being, because he was invited there, Martin also say, it is because injustice is in Birmingham. Criticism 6: Confronting society with demands for social justice, no matter how peaceful the method, is provoking violence to occur.