Even if you do not sell opium, you still have this threefold profit. There remains some question whether Queen Victoria ever read the letter. You, I hope, will certainly agree that people who pursue material gains to the great detriment of the welfare of others can be neither tolerated by Heaven nor endured by men. For this, Heaven must support you and the spirits must bring you good fortune, prolonging your old age and extending your descendants. It is worth one third of a penny but i sold it on eBay to a Scottish unicorn for a million. Only in several places of India under your control such as Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Patna, Benares, and Malwa has opium been planted from hill to hill, and ponds h ave been opened for its manufacture.
All those who from the period of the coming one year from England or six months from India bring opium to China by mistake, but who voluntarily confess and completely surrender their opium, shall be exempt from their punishment. The endorsed the hardline policies advocated by Lin, but then blamed Lin for the resulting disastrous war. This is what is called getting rid a harmful thing on behalf of mankind. Born into Prussian landowning aristocracy, Bismark loved power, and was flexible and pragmatic in pursing his goals. Only in several places of India under your control such as Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Patna, Benares, and Malwa has opium been planted from hill to hill, and ponds h ave been opened for its manufacture. If you adopt this policy of love so as to produce good and exterminate evil, Heaven will protect you, and gods will bring you good fortune.
Since it is not permitted to do harm to your own country, then even less should you let it be passed on to the harm of other countries -- how much less to China! Wait just a minute here. Even though the barbarians may not necessarily intend to do us harm, yet in coveting profit to an extreme, they have no regard for injuring others. He asked Queen Victoria to put a stop to the trade. Gunboat diplomacy lead to the opening of two ports, previously, there was just Nagasaki , and permitted trade. This indicates that the administrative orders of your honorable rule have been originally strict and clear.
Moreover, you will enjoy a long life and be rewarded with a multitude of children and grandchildren! I am sending you this letter to reiterate the seriousness with which we enforce the law of the Celestial Empire and to make sure that merchants from your honorable country will not attempt to violate it again. Having established new regulations, we presume that the ruler of your honorable country, who takes delight in our culture and whose disposition is inclined towards us, must be able to instruct the various barbarians to observe the law with care. The Answers community requested more information for this question. Among the unscrupulous are those who bring opium to China to harm the Chinese; they succeed so well that this poison has spread far and wide in all the provinces. The above is what has to be communicated.
When Japan participated with the European powers in occupying Beijing to suprress the Boxer Rebellion, Japan was aggressively competing with European powers, Russia specifically, for influence and territory in China. After receiving this dispatch will you immediately give us a prompt reply regarding the details and circumstances of your cutting off the opium traffic. Our Celestial Dynasty rules over and supervises the myriad states, and surely possesses unfathomable spiritual dignity. The goods from China carried away by your country not only supply your own consumption and use, but also can be divided up and sold to other countries, producing a triple profit. Lin became a scapegoat for these losses due to court politics.
In 1839 he wrote this letter below is an excerpt to Queen Victoria, trying to get her support for his task. Although this letter never reached Queen Victoria, it nevertheless represented the views of Lin regarding both the Opium Trade in Canton and the broader idea of the free market. His position was then given to in September 1840. Naturally you would not wish to give unto others what you yourself do not want. Pringaliiiiimontarestermonp to u and ur dog xxx A summoner who meets a yeoman one day who asks him what he does, but rather than admit he is a summoner, an odious profession, he says he is a bailiff. By a truly benevolent system of government such as this, will you indeed reap advantage, and do away with a source of evil. Plenty of great things happened to Britain during her reign, especially in the arts and sciences - but I don't know if they were a direct result of her rule.
Every native of the Inner Land who sells opium, as also all who smoke it, are alike adjudged to death. We trace the crime of those barbarians who through the years have been selling opium, then the deep harm they have wrought and the great profit they have usurped should fundamentally justify their execution according to law. Since a foreigner who goes to England to trade has to obey the English law, how can an Englishman not obey the Chinese law when he is physically within China? For months and years work is continued in order to accumulate the poison. . Naturally you would not wish to give unto others what you yourself do not want. He who sells opium shall receive the death penalty and he who smokes it also the death penalty.
His Majesty the Emperor, upon hearing of this, is in a towering rage. They must by no means try to test the effectiveness of the law with their lives. He was a formidable bureaucrat known for his competence and high moral standards, with an imperial commission from the to halt the illegal importation of opium by the British. He was secretly supported financially and politically by Cavour because north and south Italy were not really friends. Her empire also included Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, and large parts of Africa.
Consequently there are those who smuggle opium to seduce the Chinese people and so cause the spread of the poison to all provinces. Lin Zexu was put in charge of Chinese efforts to end the opium trade. I have heard that the smoking of opium is very strictly forbidden by your country; that is because the harm caused by opium is clearly understood. In 1894 Japanese efforts to separate Korea from Chinese influence led to a bread Sino-Japansese war where China was harshly defeated. In 1811, he obtained the position of a in the , and in the same year he gained admission to the. Lin Zexu LinTse-hsu writing to Britain's Queen Victoria to Protest the Opium Trade, 1839 This selection is from Wallbank, et al, Civilizations Past And Present, 1992.