Flower and Dean Street in the Spitalfields district , Bedfordbury St Martin-in-the-Fields , Old Pye Street Westminster , Tabard Street Southwark and a host of other districts had long been notorious as criminal haunts, home to large numbers of prostitutes and thieves. East London had the most well-known slums of that time. They were almost all Catholics and so the Catholic church supported them with real care. Education Although education was for the privileged, around two thirds of the children in the working class population attended Sunday school. He must have sometimes longed to board an omnibus as it splashed past him on a rainy day, but for his careful budget the fare — perhaps as much as six pence — was just not affordable except in a crisis.
Tenants would themselves let their rooms for 2d to 4d a day to other workers to meet the rent. The rural population who could not thrive as farm workers left the villages in which they and their parents and grandparents had been born and went to cities like Manchester, London, Leeds, Birmingham, Bradford and Newcastle where work was plentiful. Working conditions for children of the Victorian age were dreadful. Betterton Street, St Giles in the Fields, Holborn, London In the 1891 census 8 families were living at 32 Betterton Street with John Ennever, his wife and five children occupying two rooms. The factory was open twenty four hours a day and the workers were employed in shifts. And while the conditions of existence of Germany's proletariat have not assumed the classical form that they have in England, we nevertheless have, at bottom, the same social order, which sooner or later must necessarily reach the same degree of acuteness as it has already attained across the , unless the intelligence of the nation brings about in time the adoption of measures that will provide a new basis for the whole social system.
But some of the reasons which can be quoted are mortality rate going lower, an increase in the child survival rate, a large number of immigrants coming from Ireland etc to name a few. The overall death-rate in Manchester and Liverpool was significantly higher than the national average 1 in 32. The government had no recourse; they had to act. I didn't realize England was neglecting its own poor as well. After 1856 the advent of the sewing machine improved the lot of some women, but not all had access to a machine, and the new technique required was daunting. He shows, for example, that in large industrial cities such as Manchester and , mortality from disease such as , , and was four times that in the surrounding countryside, and mortality from convulsions was ten times as high.
Costermongers During the late 1800s there were probably about 30,000 street sellers known as costermongers in London, each selling his or her particular wares from a barrow or donkey-cart. By the end of the 1800's, 80 percent of England's population lived in cities. The sheer scale of the problem must have seemed overwhelming to even the most well-meaning benefactor. Several families shared limited outdoor toilets and water pumps. She, or her dressmaker, might use one of the paper patterns distributed free by fashion magazines such as The World of Fashion, from 1850.
Agriculture was slowly being pushed aside for manufacturing jobs. An experienced convict might earn 9 pence a day at stone-breaking. Medicine Medical advances were tremendous during Victorian times. She might briefly interview her children before returning them to their governess or nursery maid. And speaking of potatoes, I originally came to your hubsite looking for an article on how to bake potatoes. Whole family lived in one room. Once the acute phase was over and she was discharged, a woman had no choice but to return to the streets and take up her previous life, infecting a new wave of customers.
Mary Stacey did eventually leave the workhouse three months later to go into domestic service. Susan's son William, his wife and their 5 young children shared a further 2 rooms while Charles Jones and his wife and 5 children shared another 2 rooms. There were children living with their families in these desperate situations but there were also numerous, homeless, destitute children living on the streets of London. In many cases, the land was simply taken by force by the landowner most closely linked to the common ground. The poor did not live in houses since property was next to impossible to acquire and the rich were the only ones who could afford to buy it. But there were notable exceptions. And it was happening everywhere to working class, not just in England.
Day to day living was nothing more than a lonely monotonous routine and very formal. The Working Class Of The Victorian Era Positives - The children in the working class received a basic form of education - Sunday school. Sewage ran down the street since there was no underground sewage pipes. Coal-mining around also expanded rapidly to meet demand. Catholic churches were very full. Others argued that crime was not caused by illiteracy; it was just encouraging a more skilful set of criminals! As well as disease, these miserable Victorian poor suffered starvation and destitution. As unbelievable as it sounds, sometimes even 4 or 5 years old.
The voice of the evicted slum-dweller is, for all practical purposes, silent. Children and crime Many destitute children lived by stealing, and to the respectable Victorians they must have seemed a very real threat to society. One Englishman, though, stands out from all others in wishing to change the conditions of the urban poor in the 1800s and that is Robert Owen. Busby Street may have consisted of 3 storey buildings but they would have been narrow terraced houses, probably similar to those which can still be seen in Cheshire Street, just to the south, previously known as Hare Street. The dear, the pretty dear! If work dried up, or was seasonal, men were laid off, and because they had hardly enough to live on when they were in work, they had no savings to fall back on.
The harbour is just of of sight to the left of the picture and Milldam barracks are in the top-right. His children were brought up to respect and obey him. Large numbers of both skilled and unskilled people were looking for work, so wages were low, barely above subsistence level. People working long hours in Victorian times had to live close to their employment and available housing became scarce and highly priced. This hub puts the problem of poverty in a historical perspective, which is what makes it so worthwhile, but there's so much more to be said about factories, migration from rural to urban, uprooting agrarian practices on common land. Families who had worked the same area of common ground for years were suddenly without any means of subsistence and had to seek work elsewhere. These were all live issues at the time Dickens was writing the novel, especially with the introduction of the1834 New Poor Law — an Act which, for many liberal Victorians, appeared to criminalise the poor.