Early English colonies in America hardly resembled the union of men and women that would later fight against England and build a new country. Religious squabbles continued for years in the Maryland colony. Mentioned before was the fact that mostly investors, who were dominantly men, settled in Chesapeake Bay. Furthermore the political systems that existed in the New England and Chesapeake regions were also different. Governing bodies were established, with their success dependent on the quality of the settlers the colony attracted.
The Chesapeake and New England Colonies: A Comparison During the late 16th century and into the 17th century, European nations rapidly colonized the newly discovered Americas. While the majority of the Chesapeake colonists were not as cohesive due to the great distance from farms to these towns, New England had close-knit church events, meetings, and schools. The two colonies were called the Chesapeake and New England colonies. The Yankees relied less on farming than their southern compatriots, and due to the niggardly New England soil, they often turned to other industries such as fishing and shipbuilding. These colonies, while both English in origin, evolved socially, economically and religiously into two completely different regions by 1700.
In 1642, the English Civil War between the Calvinists and Anglican royalists broke out when the English Parliament, led by a Puritan named Oliver Cromwell, rebelled against King Charles I. Jamestown was founded by John Smith, the governor of Virginia Company, in 1606. The Way We Lived 45. The Way We Lived 43. As the colonies expanded, the settlers had to confront Native Americans, the settlements of other nations, and each other.
The Netherlands evolved into a major commercial and naval power and challenged its former benefactor, England, on several occasions during the seventeenth century. Term Definition Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1639 A document that established a representative government in Connecticut, featuring a legislature elected by a popular vote and a governor elected by the legislature. While slowly attaining an identity that was distinctly American, these colonies developed into three easily identifiable regions in the years 1600 to 1754. The Chesapeake Bay colonies due to the fertile soil which was well suited for growing tobacco focused more on profit because of the personal gain that could be made growing tobacco. The Chesapeake region developed into a land of plantations and money-driven owners, with the elite wealthy, almost no middle class, and those in poverty creating the population. Just south of the Carolinas, Georgia was founded in 1733 by a group of London philanthropists.
New England was compromised of families who came to the New World in search of religious freedom while the Chesapeake Region consisted of young men whose only focus was money. The lack of centralized control led to government unorganization creating such tragedies as The Salem Witch Trials. Geography affected how the regions developed economically and socially. Their clean water supply was a sharp contrast to the contaminated waters of Chesapeake Bay. Others were small-town farmers, making sure that every member of the community had a reasonable share of God's land. And, as you study the textbook in the fall semester, you will identify some conflicting ideas regarding the historical significance of some events.
The Chesapeake colonies were initially founded with profit in mind, and had nothing much to do with religion. The variety of religious view in the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies helped evolve the differences between them. However, it had a plentiful supply of wood, fish, and furs that would be exploited by colonists. This colony, known as the Chesapeake Bay colony, was colonized and settled by the English men of Anglican Church beliefs. These survivors turned to the local Powhatan Indians, who taught them the process of corn- and tobacco-growing. . There were several economic differences between the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies such as New England economic products were diverse while the Chesapeake economic relied heavily on one single product.
Many of these people came for the religious freedom that was offered in the New World. The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of the Indians. The colonies in the New World appeared completely different and the prospect of any unity between them seemed impossible. This allowed the practice of any sect of Christianity. Documents G and H show that there were many indentured servants in the Chesapeake area. The Puritans of the New England colonies, due to their religion, were stricter and more family oriented.
Their motives were, thus, religious in nature, not economic. Chesapeake Colonies When Columbus first landed on the shores of the Bahamas, he thought he had discovered a new passage to the Indies. As was the case for the New Netherland area, many of the original thirteen colonies were settled as proprietorships. The Chesapeake colonies were primarily created by companies interested in profiting from the natural resources of the New World such as gold or silver to bring back to England. The English now ruled a stretch of land that ran from Maine to the Carolinas. Virginia's colonial government structure resembled that of England's county courts and contrasted with the theocratic government of Massachusetts Bay.
By 1670, voting was limited to property-owning men. These two regions were known as the and the New England areas. The settlers of New England came in families. Since the soil was infertile in New England, the colonists there often focused on trade, small scale manufacturing, fishing, and other sea industries. Tobacco was brought by John Rolfe who snuck in Tobacco seeds from the Spanish. Aboard the Mayflower during the year 1620 were Separatist; people who withdrew from the Church of England. These differences affected the colonies socially, economically… 1306 Words 6 Pages New England vs.