The forest soils represent the third zone. Thus, all taxes made from purchases of petroleum products from a State should be remitted to that State. The re-run presidential election in 1999 was won by Olusegun Obasanjo, by now a civilian, who was for three years from 1976 was the military ruler of the country and was the preferred candidate by the Army. He initiated many institutions and departments to oversee the two territories. The Movement for National Reformation M. It will be observed that Mines, Minerals, including oil fields, oil mining, geological surveys and gas were put in the Exclusive Legislative List in the 1960 and 1963 Constitutions. In parallel, the Niger Coast Protectorate was a British protectorate in the Oil Rivers area of present-day Nigeria, originally established as the in 1885 and expanded and renamed the Niger Coast Protectorate on 12 May 1893.
The Political System of Government Of Based On The History Of Nigeria Before Independence — From 1914 Till Date. The following features, which emphasised the existence of a true federal system composed of powerful and autonomous Regions and a Centre with limited powers are worth noting: o Each Region had its own separate Constitution, in addition to the Federal Government Constitution. During the period between 1962 and 1964, there was a continuous anti-northern uproar elsewhere in the nation, and this came to a climax in a rebellion in 1966 by officers from the Eastern region, the homeland of the Igbo tribe. The constitution has been unitary in form since the military intervened in 1967 and they went ahead and changed the Constitution that was applicable, that could have transformed Nigeria. Our African brothers, of course, consider the planned celebration rather strange. This story is as a result of the transformation agenda of the British people on the cultures and people of the then Niger-Benue area of West Africa.
Lord Lugard ruled as Governor General from 1 st Jan. In spite of this, the constitution was notable for the provision of an extended Legislative Council authorized to meditate on national issues. In this regard, the Federal Government continues to hold the right, among other things, to legislate on mines and minerals, including oilfields, oil mining, geological surveys and natural gas as provided in the Constitution. After the amalgamation of Nigeria, there was nothing like northern and southern Nigeria Protectorate what we had was the northern and southern provinces which conform to one policy, one railway policy, one administration with its central headquarter in Lagos. They could not acknowledge that these peoples had any form of civilization or system of governance. The unification was done for reasons rather than — had a ; and the colonial administration sought to use the budget surpluses in Southern Nigeria to offset this deficit. This is not because we are going to bring heaven down, but because we are going to demonstrate to the world what and how we feel about oppression.
Named after the then British Governor-General, John Macpherson. Nigerians succeeded in the decision to have an indigenous Head of State and this gave birth to the attainment of a republican status on 1 st of October 1963. Exclusive State Matters In the following areas, the State must have exclusive authority except that the Federal Government could lay down standards and guidelines and perhaps make grants towards some of these subject matters. Sir Arthur Richards, another Governor General, when considering the 1923 Clifford Constitution, stated that his primary objective was to promote the unity of Nigeria. Land Nigeria is bordered to the north by , to the east by and , to the south by the of the , and to the west by.
Have you ever seen a situation where a man and a woman are joined together without consulting the two parties, talk more of getting their consent? Aftermath of the 1914 Amalgamation. If you ask when was Nigeria formed? The Europeans depended on the coastal rulers not only for securing trade, but also for the safety of their lives and property. Sir Frederick John Dealtry Lugard It should also be noted that years of deliberations went into the amalgamation of Nigeria and the decision should not be considered a spontaneous move by the British. The Constitution Drafting committee admirably rationalized the choice of the presidential system when it claimed that the choice was based on the need for:- Effective leadership that expresses on aspiration for national unity without at the same time building a leviathan whose powers may be difficult to curb. The import of this is that, the ability of the State assemblies to legislate on these matters is restricted. It has been noted that his team will often delay making key decisions until he returned from his stay in England.
The 1999 Draft Constitution was signed into Law on May 5, 1999 after an agonizing wait. Compared with the colony and protectorate of southern Nigeria, the protectorate of northern Nigeria proved relatively poor neighbor. Do you think that security agencies have done enough to tackle the problem? In fact the protectorate of Northern Nigeria had been proclaimed before the Northern states were conquered. More also Nigeria is filled with diverse ethnic groups which has led to our inability to attain Nationhood. Public Sector and Capacity Building Program: Africa Region. Due to this, an agreement was reached that Nigeria should have an indigenous Head of State who would be elected by the people to serve a five-year term. The truth of the matter was power, raw power.
The part of the wider competition for trade and Empire in the Atlantic during the 17 th century to the mid 18 th century was established on the West African communities by Europe. If they were, we would, of course, take a different view of the plan to mark this episode of our history'. He spends only 6 months each year. The Terracotta Figurines stand as an important character of the Nok culture. That means there were 3 Colonies namely Lagos Colony, Northern Protectorate and the Southern Protectorate. South of Kano the mixed soils contain locally derived granite and loess wind-borne deposits. Nigeria amalgamation history The unification of Nigeria was a very ambiguous process.
Southern Nigeria stamps were replaced by stamps of Nigeria Colony in 1914. I just believe that the issue of Etim Ekpo and Ukanafun is a spiritual issue and I am praying seriously that the young men and the people involved in that dastardly act should retrace their steps. When Lagos was amalgamated with the rest of southern Nigeria in 1906, the then high commissioner Walter Egerton was made into Governor of the territory. If you think you cannot tap, explore and exploit your resources, then you collapse and join the state that you know will sustain you. Also, palm oil was culturally attributed to Eastern people from the Ibo part and the small area of the plateau tribe, but in politics, they are decentralized. Lugard made an effort to ensure that there is peace in the Northern region of Nigeria by ensuring that each territory is won and retained by a chief who is willing to cooperate.
Due to the vehement opposition and severe tension, General Ibrahim Babangida willingly stepped down from his position as military President. But Sir James was too much in haste to formalize a succession and formally named a Northerner as the Prime Minister who was to be the successor to his executive power at independence. At this sage, the Legislative Councils were, however, constituted by officials of government. But do they have a choice? How, I ask you, can an individual sitting in Abuja arbitrate the boundary differences in Kontagora, in Okitipupa, Port Harcourt or even Makurdi close by? When his predecessor in Southern Nigeria, Sir , resigned, a large part of the southeast of Nigeria was still outside British control. By Section 136 1 30 per cent of general import duties were paid into a distributable pool for the benefit of the Regions.
On that date the two territories were formally united and Egerton was appointed Governor of the new , holding office until 1912. Harcourt agreed with Lugard that it was important that the different regions merge in order to help govern the country more effectively. In 1954, a new constitution came into effect. Omoruyi recalls that Alhaji Ibrahim Dasuki, the Sultan of Sokoto, vehemently opposed General Babangida's preparation for the June 12, 1993 elections on behalf of the Northern Leadership because the North was not able to decide the outcome in favour of the North before hand. Little wonder that when the British came to Nigeria in the 19th century, first as traders and merchants, they did not hesitate to bring along their religion and later, government.