Main Idea 4: The countries of the Horn of Africa are among the poorest in the world. Slide 27 Section 2 Slide 28 Mainly found in tropics. Most in the lowlands are Muslim. The Great Rift Valley of East Africa is the largest rift valley in the world. Because of the rain and farming, most people in the region live in the highlands. Cool currents therefore cause dry conditions and in Africa the Cool Canary Currents - the western coast of the Sahara Desert, the Cool Benguela Currents — the Western coast of Kalahari Desert.
. The shape of Africa is relatively simple with a remarkably smooth outline. Characterized by short grass and plants adapted to a brief growing season but there are considerable differences due to altitude. Located on about Latitude 30 o North and South of the Equator are Sub-tropical High Pressure Belts that dictate surface wind patterns and also influence rainfall and temperature regimes on the continent. Clans within Somalia have fought over rights to lands and cities such as Mogadishu , the capital.
The rivers plunge off the edges of the plateau into the sea in a series of falls and rapids. Slide 7 The Congo Basin Largest lowland Slide 8 Ethiopian Highlands Kilimanjaro: Highest Mountain in Africa Mt. Conditions that are more humid had once existed in the Sahara desert and other drier parts of the continent. When the camel uses the fat, the humps shrink. Two major ethnic groups fought for many years. As pasture is destroyed through overgrazing and cultivation, the desert advances southward further restricting populations and increasing densities in a vicious circle of desertification.
Less than 10% of this potential is being tapped now. Since they gained independence, Rwanda and Burundi have seen violent conflict between the two groups. Eritrea Eritrea was an Italian colony in the 1800s and an Ethiopian one in the 1960s. My mouth helps the camel get the most protein and energy out of poor-quality food in the desert. In addition to its stark and untamed beauty, Africa contains huge mountains, such as the breathtaking Mt. The compact nature of the land means that only a thin surface gets heated.
The entire continent of Africa is the second largest in the world! Its total length is estimated to be 6,000 miles 9,600 m. The cool ocean currents tend to create rich fishing grounds. No major coastal island except Madagascar - the 4th largest island in the world. The geography of Africa is amazing! This division of Africa into almost two equal parts lengthwise across the equator makes the climatic and physical conditions in the north repeat themselves in the south. Diurnal mean range of temperature: 10 to over 15 oC 18-27 o F+ Major Ocean Currents Refer to any Atlas map of Africa : Winds that tend to blow persistently over the ocean tend to drag a thin surface layer of the water in their direction of flow.
Since then the country has worked to improve. In fact, Africa is over three times larger than the United States of America. Dry summers and wet winters Mediterranean - Eastern South Africa and North Africa c. Main Idea 1: The history of East Africa is one of religion, trade, and European influence. Farming is the major activity in both countries. Indeed, Africa has the greatest potential than any of the other continent. For example, the Zaire River is interrupted by 32 rapids and cataracts which constitute the Livingstone Falls in a descent of approximately 200 meters over a distance of 214 kilometers.
Found in Congo Basin Slide 18 Zambezi River Forms Victoria Falls. Pupils peer assess and go through corrections. Kenya Located in East Africa Slide 9 Drakensberg Range Southern Africa Barrier of Pointed Spears Slide 10 The Great Rift Valley Natural wonder of East Africa. Both Rwanda and Burundi today are very densely populated. The Rift Valley begins from the Red Sea and extends through the Ethiopian highlands to the Lake Victorian region where it subdivides into an east and west segments and continues southward through Lake Malawi to Mozambique. This layer of ocean water called Ocean Current dictates the temperature and moisture characteristics of the wind and the coastal regions over which the wind blows.
In other continents the rivers offer the best entry into the interior from the coast e. Mean annual temperature is 3 oC to 5. European countries formed colonies in Africa. Create waterfalls on many African rivers. During droughts, crops die and people suffer. The Ethiopian Highlands are very rugged and cut by deep river valleys. Main Idea 1: National parks are a major source of income for Tanzania and Kenya.
The absence of any major continental shelf as in Europe and the northeastern part of North America limits the development of fishing grounds and the opportunities of exploring for major petroleum sources of the coast. The Namib Desert, situated in southwest Africa, is the hottest and driest place on earth! Most people are farmers or herders. Towards the deserts, the soils are sandy and deep but low in humus and quite infertile arenosols. Temperatures range from 12 o C 54 oF to over 32 oC 90oF. Clearing trees leads to desertification. Africa is the most tropical of all continents.
Colonialism, political unrest, and untapped natural resources have kept most of the continent in third world status. Semi-desert and desert Areas further north, the Savanna degenerate into semi-arid and then desert. The vegetation in the Southwest corner is similar 4. For example, the Kalahari Desert is the south's answer to the Sahara; the Karoo matches the Maghreb, while the conditions in the Cape area are almost identical to those of the Mediterranean region. In places such as Timbuktu, Mail, the diurnal and annual ranges in Temperature are very high because of continentality.