Guschov Website ProEnglish is an American lobbying organization that is part of the. As late as 1789, when the Revolution began, half the population of the south of France, which spoke Provençal, did not understand French. We need to make sure that educators are creating the opportunities for this to happen. Ethnic Russians make up almost a third of Estonia's population, and most of them do not speak or read Estonian, although Russians have lived in Estonia for more than a generation. Language Policy The English Only Movement Among special-interest lobbies, the English Only movement stands out.
The legal requirement demanding residents speak English does not bother me, but backwards ideas demanding immigrants not speak their native languages do bother me. The Welsh language, in contrast, is alive today in Wales in spite of heavy discrimination during its history. Nashville voters rejected the measure in January, but it won the support of 43 percent of them. In 1981 , long a leading critic of bilingual education and bilingual ballots, introduced in the U. It wasn't until the 1960s that African Americans won the right to vote.
The facts are that, except in isolated locales, immigrants to the United States have typically lost their by the third generation. I would say English-only American xenophobes and Latinos refusing to speak English are actually speaking the same language: one of irrational fear and hate. For example, one requirement for including dual-citizenship is demonstration of Spanish language proficiency and basic knowledge of Mexican history. That could explain why California has found itself on the leading edge of a debate this year over legislation requiring the translation of patient instructions on prescription bottles. Is it practical to have an official language established by the federal government? Laws were passed in some states forbidding the use of Spanish in the workplace and in schools, even informally.
It has always been taken for granted that English is the national language, and that one must learn English in order to make it in America. We like to believe that to pass a law is to change behavior; but passing laws about language, in a free society, almost never changes attitudes or behavior. To the contrary, recent demographic data analyzed by Veltman 1983, 1988 indicate that rates of anglicization--shift to English as the usual language--are steadily increasing. The current English-Only movement advocates that English be the only language used in the United States. Spanish is hardly a threat to English, in spite of isolated and easily visible cases such as Miami, New York City, and pockets of the Southwest and southern California.
America may be threatened by immigration; I don't know. There is great linguistic and cultural diversity as for more than two centuries, immigrants came from all over the world to settle there, bringing with them their own culture, values and language. The everyday language of south Texas is Spanish, and yet south Texas is not about to secede from America. Neither is a marriage license. A century earlier the playwright Racine said that he had had to resort to Spanish and Italian to make himself understood in the southern French town of Uzès.
This paper illustrates this discrepancy and considers some main reasons for it. But what does race have to do with language? Predictably, there have been scattered demands that black English be included in bilingual-education programs. Or a person may have a vote ballot in a foreign language but cannot understand the issues that are being addressed. But, for as true as these assumptions are, they should not encourage the use of English and repressing the use of other languages. Similar measures have been introduced this year in the legislatures of the following states: Delaware, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin.
The elimination of bilingual and multilingual education could result in the loss of a human life. By denying bilinguals the right to speak their own language, official English advocates fail to recognize the benefits of language diversity. Later, Rosalie Pedalino Porter became chair of the group. Some opponents of English-only, including the National Council of Teachers of English and the National Education Association, united in 1987 into a coalition called 'English Plus,' which supports the concept of bilingualism for everyone. Patricia is a past fellow at the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center in Bellagio, Italy, and the Educational Testing Service in Princeton. Some of those states already declare English the official language, but lawmakers are seeking to strengthen the statements.
However, almost immediately, there was push back from English-only advocates. The paper argues that the monolingual approach for Enlgish language learning should be rejected because it denies students the right to draw on their language resources according to the sociocultural theory in language learning. Languages are central to the development of an integrated Europe. As a result, rational discussion about their negative effects is not likely to convince most people who vote for these policies. Most people who agree to support the English Only Movement are not aware of the impact it has toward creating equal opportunities throughout the country Abale 1.