Although the patron god of Sparta was Artemis, and the Patron god of Athens was Athenia. From the beginning, humans had a religion, a reference to their common origin. What are the main features of the Spartan agoge and what did the agoge contribute to Spartan society? Athens destroyed the Corinthian fleet, and finally tried tobankrupt Megara, one of these cities. There were, at various times, fourteen different gods recognized as Olympians, though never more than twelve at one time. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength.
High claims have been made, and continue to be made, for the quality of Greek religion as a religion, with ethical deities and strong tendencies toward. With this education system it is a build up for physical, social, intellectual and moral education for these soldiers which overall construct an identity creating a sense of eunomia within the society and the fellow Greek states. Important place of worship for the Spartans. They reminded the gods of services rendered and asked for a quid pro quo. The religion of Sparta was Polytheism, which means that the Spartans believed in not just one god, but many gods. Subsequently they drank from the stream of , the river of oblivion, and forgot all of their previous experiences.
Antiquity evoked awe; some of the most-revered objects in were antique and aniconic figures that bore the name of an Olympian deity. Festivals The Hyakinthia festival This was a festival named after Hyakinthos, a youth who was lover of the god Apollo and died when Apollo accidentally hit him with a discus. Athens, overconfident with this success and money, keptinterfering in other Greek cities not inside its empire, bringingit into conflict with members of the Peloponnesian League led bySparta. The tomb-altar of the local god or hero Hyakinthos was used as the pedestal of the statue. Both the Persian invasions were defeated under the leadership of Miltiades and Themistocles, Athenian Soldier statesmen. This marked the end of ancient history of Athens.
Greek religion is not the same as , which is concerned with traditional tales, though the two are closely interlinked. Spartan hoplite warriors practising battle moves The Spartans and Sport A subject the Spartans were intrigued with was of course sport. Greek ceremonies were mainly performed at altars. Whether Hesiod or some earlier thinker produced this complex nexus of relationships, with which could account for virtually anything that had occurred or might occur in the future, the grandeur of this intellectual achievement should not be overlooked. Sparta was ruled by an oligarchy, Athens by democracy Sparta had 2 kings, 5 ephors overseers a senate if you were in it you were elected for life , and an assembly which voted on legislation you had to be a man and over 30 Athens had a council of 500, which was divided into ten groups of 50 and … changed its elected president every day, a board of ten generals, a jury of 6000 selected by lot from the citizens, judicial board of nine archons, and an assembly Spartans just fight and fight and. Both god and mortal were likely to resent any attempt of an inferior to move higher on the scale. After 20 years, a cousin of Solon, Peisistratus took over the charge of the city and made Athens a hub of power, wealth and culture.
There was a ban on the wearing of wreaths and on joyful songs. Athens, on theother hand pursued a broad range of interests in culture, … politicaland some military focus. Unlike Pylos and Mycenae, settlement in Athens was not forsaken by the Doric invasion. For example, Athena was the goddess of culture, art, music, poetry, and all things creative which were frowned upon in Sparta. At the bottom, there were slaves, called Helots, who had to work on a property of the citizens of Sparta. This is where art became inseparable from life, and this is where Pericles gave the funerary speech, that monument of the spoken word. The ancient monuments were destroyed again.
This system laid the foundation for democratic Athens, but soon failed to resolve class conflict. The main features of the Spartan religion were the festivals, the gods and the burials including the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. If the king has no son and only daughters, the cousin, brother, or a general would become the new king. Acropolis was situated at the south of the heart of the walled ancient city. No ritual was associated with the image itself, though it was sometimes paraded.
The second day was celebration of rebirth of the hero. The rediscovery of during the and, above all, the novel perfection of Classical sculpture produced a revolution in taste that had far-reaching effects on Christian religious art. If the question means 'why do you have organised religions' this is simple because, as the above answer states, people had traditions and beliefs that eventually became formalised. Those who contest it hold that it is incautious to from a few scattered passages in a Greek author to produce a systematic that can then be used to interpret the rest of the work under discussion. The Spartan who obeyed the law of no surrender was considered the epitome of what a Spartan was born to be. Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were.
The Spartans literally lived for their physical exercise, and their prowess and perforce was truly testament to that. Athenians believed that one should also focus themselves on matters other than military ones. His nature is also understood as being transcendent —existing out of space and time, and immanent — being present within space and time. These myths were directly intervened in human affairs. The Life of a Spartan Warrior Can you imagine being taken away from your family and your home when you were just seven years old? Some eighty years after the , according to the traditional chronology, from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. All healthy male Spartan citizens participated in the compulsory state-sponsored education system, the Agoge, which emphasized obedience, endurance, courage and self-control. Further consequences: The reason for the Persian Wars was thatPersia tried to stop western Greek cities interfering in the peacewithin its empire by bringing the cities outside its empire undercontrol.
There are eight all together, the belief system, community, central myths, ritual, ethics, characteristic emotional experiences, material expressions, and sacredness. Apollo ordered this annual celebration of music, dancing, processions, chariot races, sacrifices and feasts. That included both men and women even though women were not allowed to be elected in any form of government and to attend public assembly. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. Five runners were chosen from each of the three tribes. Spartans, who were outnumbered by the Helots, often treated them brutally and oppressively in an effort to prevent uprisings. At least this aspect of Athena's personality may have been admired by the Spartans, or maybe not.
In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. . In part to attract mates, females engaged in athletic competitions, including javelin-throwing and wrestling, and also sang and danced competitively. Many of those seem to have been originally the cults of individual noble families who came together at the synoikismos, the creation of the polis of Athens from its small towns and villages. The Agoge was designed in order to emphasize on eunomia within the city by encouraging discipline from the age of 7 which contributes to the state of eunomia.