The three short stories, in order, are: , , and. As the story opens, the banker recalls the occasion of the bet fifteen years before. However, the passing years were cruel to the Banker as well. They explore the experiences of the mentally or physically ill in a spirit that reminds one that the author was himself a qualified—and remained a sporadically practicing—doctor. The author's refusal to join the ranks of social critics arose the wrath of liberal and radical intellitentsia and he was criticized for dealing with serious social and moral questions, but avoiding giving answers.
The banker stakes his millions while the lawyer stakes his freedom. پشت میز مردی نشسته بود که هیچ شباهتی به یک انسان معمولی نداشت. He was allowed to have a musical instrument and books, and was allowed to write letters, to drink wine, and to smoke. By the late 1880s many critics had begun to reprimand Chekhov, now that he was sufficiently well known to attract their attention, for holding no firm political and social views and for failing to endow his works with a sense of direction. . As the argument became more intense, the banker in blind anger wagered two million rubles that the lawyer could not withstand the experience incarceration, a challenge that the lawyer accepted, setting the period of his voluntary imprisonment at fifteen years, at the end of which he would get the two million rubles. من پانزده سال مشتاقانه زندگی مادی را مطالعه کردم.
Chekhov's stories are thus deeply humane works of fiction: in detailing life's poignant trivialities, they are unrivalled in their sense of authenticity. You have taken lies for truth, and hideousness for beauty. A complete list of Constance Garnett's translations of Russian literature is. At the turn of the fifteenth year the Banker decided to kill the Lawyer, but the later had managed to live so many spiritual lives that he withdrew from the bet and left his cell, when it took him only five hours to win… Anton Chekhov. He's had no contact with any humans during this time, but has been able to read all the books he could want. In the opinion of some of them the death penalty ought to be replaced everywhere by imprisonment for life. یک تاجر نترس، و بااعتماد به نفس را به یک بانکدار معمولی تبدیل کرد که با هر افت و خیز بازار به لزره میافتاد پیرمرد در حالی که با ناامیدی سرش را میخاراند زمزمه کرد: شرط بندی لعنتی.
In the course of four years some six hundred volumes were procured at his request. The banker was moved and shocked to his bones after reading the note, kisses the strange man on the head and leaves the lodge weeping, relieved not to have to kill anyone. He was a literary artist of precision who probed below the surface of life, laying bare the secret motives of his characters. You may be proud, wise, and fine, but death will wipe you off the face of the earth as though you were no more than mice burrowing under the floor, and your posterity, your history, your immortal geniuses will burn or freeze together with the earthly globe. Ranevsky is having a party while Gayev and Lopakhin are on the auction. But I much prefer adventure, a little mystery, psy-trillers and lots of spicy passion kind of reads. By our agreement I ought to pay him two million.
وقتی نظرش را پرسیدند، پاسخ داد: مجازات اعدام و حبس ابد به یک اندازه غیراخلاقی است. از دانایی و از مائده های زمینی بیزارم. Stimulate humans thinking about life and death, and how reading to answer the questions about our selfs can change and modify a lot of beliefs, opinions and how we see the world. Chekhov paid his first visit to western Europe in the company of A. تصمیم بر این شد که وکیل باید به زندانی شدن تحت مراقبت شدید در گوشه ای از باغِ خانه ی بانکدار تن دردهد. With the banker being presumptuous at supper he makes jokes toward the Lawyer.
Chekhov is considered an exemplar author in the genre of. He read many books and studied numerous languages. It is probable that hard conditions on the island also worsened his own physical condition. Thanks to Kevin for pointing me to this. یادداشتهایی که از او میآمد در یک زمان درخواست فرستادن یک کتاب شیمی و یک متن پزشکی، یک رمان، تعدادی مقالات با موضوعات فلسفی و الهیات میکرد. In the second year, he.
Britannica Classic: Houghton, Norris: The Cherry Orchard Theatre director Norris Houghton considering the challenges of staging Anton Chekhov's Vishnyovy sad 1904; The Cherry Orchard ; from a film by Encyclopædia Britannica Educational Corporation, 1967. As always, Chekhov keeps the language simple and lets the complex traits of human character shine through. Ivan thinks about how he could live in St. He proved that he gained wisdom which is more powerful than money. واقعا نویسنده بودن آقای چخوف. I say three or four, because you won't stay longer. As a result she considered suicide, but in the end, did not do it.
The lawyer raised the stakes to fifteen years, and holed up in a guesthouse on the banker's estate. Free to read online: This short story is a treasure, and it requires an investment of less than ten minutes of reading time. Throughout his life, Chekhov would juggle two careers, devoting his energies to the professions of medicine and writing. There is a huge amount of irony here. You may be proud, wise, and fine, but death will wipe you off the face of the earth as though you were no more than mice burrowing under the floor, and your posterity, your history, your immortal geniuses will burn or freeze together with the earthly globe. In 1879 Chekhov entered the Moscow University Medical School. According to its terms, the Lawyer should have spent the following fifteen years in a solitary confinement.