The painting is based on a surgery witnessed by Eakins, in which Gross treated a young man for osteomyelitis of the femur. Several sketches survive documenting the care Eakins put into her depiction. Most experienced surgeon, clearest writer and teacher, most venerated and beloved man. Insofar as both doctors are turned away from their assistants and their eyes are averted from contact with anyone around them, it is impossible to read the figures of Gross and Agnew as interacting socially or physically with anyone at the moment we glimpse them. Funds were borrowed, and paintings from both art collections were sold, including Eakins' The Cello Player and Cowboy Singing. Her dramatic figure functions as a strong contrast to the calm, professional demeanor of the men who surround the patient.
Beginning in the early 1870s, Eakins staunchly insisted on painting his subjects from life, many of which were fellow citizens of his native Philadelphia. The Agnew Clinic is one of Eakins's most hotly debated works. Other learned societies and institutions, such as the American Philosophical Society and the Academy of Natural Sciences, also made Philadelphia a hotbed of scientific research, publication, and debate. But everyone else is looking, learning, and working together to control the situation. Research assistant Catherine Harmon aided in determining lifespan dates for individuals depicted in the painting.
A follow-up of sorts, depicted surgeon David Hayes Agnew overseeing a partial mastectomy in a medical amphitheater. Note that for safety reasons we can only frame up to a certain size. It was rejected for exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1891, and the New York's Society of American Artists in 1892. As they step aside to think or make a point in their lectures, both doctors significantly hold scalpels poised for imminent action; they are not just lecturing about surgery, but practicing surgeons still at work. The Gross Clinic was displayed instead among other medicine-themed items in the U.
Its exhibition at Chicago's 1893 World's Columbian Exposition was criticized. The Philadelphia Museum and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts teamed up to raise enough money to keep The Gross Clinic in the City of Brotherly Love. As part of this trend, Eakins created to honor the achievements of lauded local surgeon. Dramatic lighting, thoughtful composition, masterful modeling of tones, and confident brushwork heighten the potency of the image. Leaders of these movements argued that The Gross Clinic was a Philadelphia icon that needed to remain in the city with which it was most strongly affiliated. In 1965, the building was named a national historical landmark and today it is home to the city's Mural Arts Program.
To boost its fundraising efforts, Thomas Jefferson University—which houses Jefferson Medical College— the piece to such far flung institutions as the National Gallery of Art in Washington or the new Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art in Bentonville, Arkansas. The impression is all the more vivid when the painting is viewed not in a page-size reproduction but in life. In comparing the two, the advancement in understanding of the prevention of infection is seen. Real Oil Paints, Real Brushes, Real Artists, Real Art. Eakins House Thomas Eakins was a lifelong Philadelphian. It was hung, instead, in the U. The success of the surgical procedure affirmed two things: Surgery on living people was feasible and Philadelphia was the birthplace of innovation.
Gross's right shoulder is the clinic clerk, Dr. Depending on the degree of damage to the warranted painting, it will either be repaired or replaced. He sits pencil-in-hand, cropped by the right edge of the canvas. It is a portrait of 1805-84 , an internationally celebrated surgeon who taught at in Philadelphia from 1856 to 1882. If ordered without a frame the painting will arrive rolled inside a protective tube with an extra 1. William White, applying a bandage to the patient; Dr.
This warranty service is provided free of charge. He additionally studied anatomy, observed surgeries, and used photography in his art practice to better understand the human body and enhance the realism of his paintings. Ten reasons to Keep the Gross Clinic in Philadelphia 1. Damage caused by incidents such as accidents or inappropriate use are not covered. His decision to portray a partially nude woman observed by a roomful of men even though they were doctors, in an undeniably medical setting was controversial. Eakins himself published an original paper on equine anatomy, which he read to the members of the Academy, and he invented an improved lens for motion photography.
His friend and protege, Samual Murray, modeled a statuette of Eakins at work on the painting. Gross The Gross Clinic , 1875, oil on canvas, 243. The context of Philadelphia—including its landscape, architecture, art collections, educational institutions, and diverse audiences—adds meaning and importance to the painting. Created by a local artist and depicting a famous local doctor, the monumental painting bears a special connection to Philadelphia. The work is a prime example of Eakins's scientific realism. Geography: Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America Date: 1875 Medium: Oil on canvas Dimensions: 8 feet × 6 feet 6 inches 243. At the age of 28, Clymer enrolled in the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Training School for Nurses.
Copyright 2015, Rutgers University Related Reading. The Certificate of Authenticity which arrives with every painting provides an assurance and verifies the authenticity of the hand painted fine art reproduction you purchased. Exhibition and Critical Reception As a prominent medical writer and lecturer during the nineteenth century, Dr. The in Bentonville, Arkansas, in collaboration with the in Washington, D. The painting is discussed most frequently as an icon of American art. He stands in the left foreground, holding a. He was enrolled at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts from 1862-1866, and attended anatomy lectures at Jefferson Medical College.